Please read each question carefully and provide detailed, thorough responses. Each question is worth 10 points. Please include a proper citation(s) for each answer if you utilize other sources. 1. What and when was the investigational era? Why did the investigational era occur? 2. Explain the difference between accident prevention and injury prevention. Is one better than the other? Make sure to include a discussion of who headed research for both sets of theories, who/what was to blame for accidents, and a discussion on Haddon’s ten injury prevention strategies. 3. What is the significance of the General Duty Clause? What are the employer’s responsibilities in regards to satisfying this clause of the OSH Act? Use the two cases you briefed in Week 5 to help explain the duties. 4. What are the four required elements that are necessary to be present for an organization to be issued general duty clause violations? 5. Explain the criteria for an injury to be recordable on an OSHA 300 Log. 6. What types of injuries have to be reported to KyOSHA and in what timeframe? 7. If a facility had a total of 58 recordable injuries and a total of 946,372 work hours, what would the injury rate be? If 12 of those recordable injuries resulted in a job transfer, days away from work, or a work restriction, what would the DART rate be? 8. During an investigation, what similarities could there be between interviewing a victim and interviewing a suspect? What differences could there be between these two interviews? 9. What is the “root cause” of an injury/incident? Why do you want to investigate the incident until the root cause is determined? 10. Safety professionals can have many different roles, or “wear many hats” in the workplace. Explain what 3 roles might be and why.
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